- Sports

Sports Nutrition – Who Needs It?

What you may not be aware of when you look at the TV and see another world record fall is the amount of discipline and planning a flawless sports nutrition diet that lets them finally achieve their goals.Worldwide sports nutrition has become an international discipline and has become an important factor for achieving top performance. Vegetarian sports nutrition may have a place there- but will sports nutrition bars fit in?

Nutritional health is very important. Our nutrients decide our health. Taken all things together they can also determine if we become super athletes or end up as a couch potato. They also are to a great extent responsible for our physical appearance and our sports skills. They are also crucial for having a robust mind and a fit body due to the fact that these nutrient elements fuel just about all bodily functions.

A lot of people fail to attain a high degree of nutritive health partly because they don’t really know much about good and bad nutrients or they just don’t give a damn. Very often food producers just lie about their products or they don’t put enough nutritional information about their products on the packages

A proper diet for any athlete or sports-minded person begins with the correct food selection. If you have not much of an idea the food pyramid is an intelligent and very useful way to start with and to set up your sports nutrition plan. First of all -of course- the iron rules for a balanced and healthy nutrition are valid for any sportsman or athlete.
It does not matter if basketball, jogging, swimming or roller balding is your kind of sport:

Anybody engaging in sports will need more energy than somebody who spends most of his time sitting or not doing any sports. At the same time however energy requirements for recreational sportsmen is only insignificantly increased. Total energy expenditure consists of resting energy expenditure (also:basal metabolic rate) and activity energy expenditure (active metabolic rate). The resting energy expenditure is proportional to the muscle mass, the activity energy expenditure depends on the activity level of the individual person.

This increased demand for calories should best be balanced by a balanced nutrition with carbohydrates. The amount of calories lost during exercises is overrated by many. Those who think they can afford a nice piece of chocolate now – because they “hit the bag strongly”- may be in for a bad surprise: love handles may appear soon.

During physiological strain carbohydrates, fats and proteins in different portions are called in for energy generation. During a brief, intensive load the body pulls his energy almost exclusively from carbohydrates which it stored as glycogen. During longer persisting strain the body increases the fat burning process while carb burning decreases. After 90 minutes approximately the liver accelerates protein molecule conversion into into glucose.

If this new glucose buildup is not enough to meet the muscles’ need of carbohydrates hypoglycemia will be the result – the infamous “knock” or “bonk”. Suddenly an irresistible feeling of hunger, swindle, nausea and a massive drop in performance occur. Beverages rich in carbohydrates or bananas can help to dodge hypoglycemia. The higher the load intensity, the higher the role the carbohydrates will play to produce energy. With smaller loads of intensity fat burning will dominate; then it is safe to say that you donĀ“t have to worry about your glucose supply.